5 Ways to Soothe Your Child’s Allergy Symptoms

Allergies (allergic rhinitis) are a common problem in children, and it is estimated that around 40% of children suffer from allergic rhinitis every day. An allergy is the body’s response to a substance (allergen) that causes a hypersensitivity reaction.

Allergies can be caused by a variety of factors, such as plant pollen, insect bites, animal fur, dust mites, mold, environmental irritants, and food. While severe allergies should be treated by a medical professional, mild symptoms may benefit from natural remedies.

This article will discuss common symptoms and causes of allergies in children and toddlers and home remedies to treat them.

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Symptoms of allergies in children

Your child’s allergy symptoms will depend on the type of allergy they have. Seasonal allergies usually begin between the ages of 2 and 5. Children under the age of 2 generally do not suffer from seasonal allergies because you have to be exposed to two years of the season to develop an allergy.

Symptoms of allergic rhinitis caused by seasonal allergies can include:

  • Runny nose
  • Itchy red eyes
  • Itching
  • To sneeze
  • Post-nasal secretions
  • congested nose
  • To cough
  • Wheezing
  • mouth breathing
  • Sleeping troubles
  • No fever

Food allergies cause different symptoms that can become very dangerous. Children under the age of 2 can develop a cow’s milk allergy, and food allergies can start as early as the first year of life. Possible symptoms of a food allergy in toddlers include:

  • Urticaria
  • Swelling
  • Itching
  • Wheezing
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Pale skin
  • Dizziness
  • Fainting
  • Acute irritability or crying

Severe allergies that cause severe symptoms should be treated by a health care provider.

Causes of Allergies in Toddlers

The most common causes of allergies in toddlers and young children include:

  • Pollen: Pollen from trees, plants, weeds and grass cannot be avoided because it remains in the air we breathe. Pollen season allergies typically last about four to eight weeks each year.
  • Dust: Dust contains common allergens and dust mites. Dust allergies occur all year round.
  • Animals: Pets and other animals can cause allergies in children. Symptoms can occur up to a few hours after exposure. Often symptoms begin within 20 to 30 minutes of interacting with the animal. Insects and parasites like cockroaches and mice can also cause allergic reactions.
  • Irritants: Environmental irritants such as latex, chemicals and drugs can cause allergies in children and adults.

The most common allergenic foods that cause allergies in children include:

Uncontrolled seasonal allergies can lead to chronic ear infections in young children. Allergic rhinitis causes inflammation of the ears. When fluid builds up in the inner ear, it can become infected and lead to an ear infection.

How to Treat Allergies Naturally

Children with mild allergy symptoms may benefit from trying a natural home remedy.

Aloe Vera Gel

Aloe vera gel can help toddlers and children with skin allergy symptoms such as itching or redness. Aloe vera has been proven to effectively treat skin wounds such as cuts, burns, and insect bites due to its healing properties. Ask your health care provider to recommend aloe vera gels suitable for children.

Eye drops

Eye drops can be an effective treatment for children who have eye allergy symptoms like redness, itching, and swelling. If your toddler or child is ready to try eye drops, have them lie down flat on their back. Lower one eyelid and place a drop in the lower eyelid. Then ask your child to rest with their eyes closed for two minutes.

If your toddler or child is uncooperative with the eye drops, you may still be able to use them. Have your child lie down with their eyes closed. Squeeze eye drops into the inner corner of his closed eye. When your child naturally blinks, the medicine flows into their eye. Ask your healthcare professional or pediatrician which eye drops are safe for toddlers or young children.

Cold compress

A hot or cold compress is an easy remedy that most children can safely try. It is useful for children who suffer from allergic rhinitis and eye allergy symptoms, such as red and itchy eyes. To start, wash your child’s face to remove any allergens that have attached themselves to the skin.

To make the cold compress, fill a small bowl with ice water. Dip a clean washcloth into the water and wring out any excess water. Encourage your child to rest with the compress for 10 minutes.

Saline solution

Rinsing your child’s sinuses with a saline solution can be very helpful for allergic rhinitis symptoms if your child is willing to try it. Researchers found that saline nasal irrigation improved nasal symptoms in study participants and reduced the need for allergy medications.

Diet changes

Diet changes are necessary for children who have a food allergy. If your health care provider suspects your child has an IgE-mediated food allergy (when your child’s immune system causes a reaction to one or more foods), they may recommend an elimination diet. During an elimination diet, your child would eliminate all commonly allergenic foods from their diet, then slowly add them back one at a time. If your child is allergic to milk, he should avoid dairy products only.

Fortunately, many food allergies are temporary. It is estimated that 80-90% of children with egg, milk, wheat and soy allergies will outgrow them by age 5.

For allergic rhinitis symptoms, probiotics can help. Research has shown that a daily probiotic supplement can improve symptoms and quality of life for allergy sufferers.

Talk to your child’s healthcare provider before trying any new natural remedies.

How to Prevent Allergies in Toddlers

Allergies are caused by an immune system response and cannot be completely avoided. The best way to deal with allergies in toddlers is to avoid your child’s triggers as much as possible. Children with food allergies should avoid the food group to which they are allergic.

If your child is allergic to pollen, try reducing the time you both spend outdoors during pollen season. Keep your windows closed to prevent pollen from entering your home. Also wipe down any animals that spend time outdoors, as their fur can trap pollen.

When to See a Health Care Provider

If your child is still uncomfortable after trying some home remedies, consult your health care provider. Allergies that cause severe symptoms like breathing difficulties should be treated immediately. If your child’s allergy symptoms are severe enough to keep them from going to school or daycare, your healthcare provider may be able to help. They can discuss treatment options, such as allergy testing, medications, and immunotherapy (allergy shots).


Allergies are a common problem in toddlers and young children. Possible symptoms include a runny nose, itchy eyes, rash, hives, vomiting, diarrhea, and difficulty breathing. Common causes of allergies in children include pollen, dust, animal dander, irritants, and foods. Home remedies can be effective in treating mild allergy symptoms in children.

A word from Verywell

Allergy symptoms can leave your little one feeling uncomfortable. As a parent or caregiver, you probably feel anxious to help your child feel better as soon as possible. First, talk to a health care provider about home remedies to try. If home remedies haven’t helped your toddler or child’s symptoms, make an appointment with your health care provider.

Frequently Asked Questions

  • Can seasonal allergies be cured naturally?

    Allergies are caused by an immune system response and cannot be cured with natural remedies. However, mild allergy symptoms can be effectively treated with home remedies.

  • How to stop a runny nose?

    To help stop your child’s runny nose, ask him to blow his nose often. Encourage them to drink plenty of fluids and consider using a humidifier at home.

  • Do humidifiers help with allergies?

    Humidifiers release steam or water vapor to increase the amount of moisture in the air. Breathing more humid air can help relieve symptoms of allergic rhinitis and reduce inflammation. However, high humidity can lead to an increase in the number of dust mites, as they thrive in warm, humid environments. Talk with your health care provider to see if this would be a good option for you.

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