Pollen allergy symptoms may start earlier this year


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symptoms of pollen allergy may start earlier this year

Pollen allergy affects thousands of people. “Symptoms that start mostly with the onset of spring may start earlier this year due to climate change,” said the Allergy and Asthma Association professor. Dr Ahmet Akçay explained the details of pollen allergy and the precautions that can be taken.

What is pollen allergy?

Pollen allergy occurs when the immune system responds to pollen that spreads from trees, weeds and grasses. The immune system, which sees certain proteins in these pollens as harmful invaders, engages in a fight and an allergic reaction occurs as a result of this fight.

When does a pollen allergy begin?

Pollen allergies usually start in the spring. However, there are plants that shed their pollen in other months, and the pollens from these plants can also cause an allergic reaction in susceptible people. Some people are affected by pollen allergy during certain seasons, while others are affected throughout the year and may show symptoms.

Allergy season may start earlier due to climate change and pollen transport

People with allergies are no strangers to pollen problems. But now, due to climate change, the pollen season is taking longer and starting earlier than usual. Higher temperatures cause flowers to bloom sooner, while higher levels of carbon dioxide cause more pollen to be produced. Pollen can travel hundreds of kilometers, and with changing weather conditions and the changing distribution of species, it becomes possible for humans to be exposed to “new” types of pollen, i.e. pollen. which the body is not used to.

What are the symptoms of pollen allergy?

Symptoms can vary in people who are allergic to pollen. In some people, pollen allergy can reach a level that can affect daily life. We can list the typical symptoms of pollen allergy as follows:

  • Runny nose with watery mucus, stuffy nose, itchy nose, sneezing
  • Redness, itching, irritation of the eyes,
  • Burning, itching in the mouth and throat,
  • Itching of the ear canals
  • Dry cough (especially at night), wheezing, difficulty breathing (asthma),
  • Aggravation of atopic dermatitis, in rare cases hives, rash,
  • Fatigue, sleep disturbances, headaches.

Is there a treatment for pollen allergy?

Certain drugs are used in the treatment of pollen allergy. However, these drugs are not drugs that can prevent allergic reactions. These medications can be used to help relieve symptoms caused by pollen allergy and to help a person go about their daily life comfortably. For example, medications such as antihistamine drugs, nasal sprays, eye drops can help reduce the discomfort caused by the symptoms.

Allergy Vaccine Gives Effective Results In Pollen Allergies

Most people with pollen allergies do not benefit fully from medications. In addition, continued drug use can lead to certain undesirable situations. At this point, these people may benefit from immunotherapy, that is, an allergy vaccine. The allergy vaccine is a long-term treatment that helps prevent or reduce the severity of an allergic reaction. The aim of this treatment is to make the body insensitive to the allergen. The vaccine created from the allergenic essence is administered to the patient gradually and after a certain period it aims to render the patient insensitive to the allergenic substance.

What precautions can people with allergies to pollen take?

In order to avoid pollen allergy, it will help to know which pollens you are sensitive to first. This way, you can predict when your symptoms will appear and take precautions. Some precautions people with allergies to pollen can take include:

  • Weather reports often contain information about pollen. Follow weather reports and avoid going outside as much as possible when the pollen count is high.
  • Avoid drying clothes and bedding outside when pollen counts are high.
  • Keep windows and doors closed in your home and car during allergy season.
  • When you come home from outside, take a shower, wash your hair, and change your clothes.
  • To protect your eyes, wear sunglasses that wrap around your eyes.
  • Avoid grassy areas such as parks and fields when pollen counts are highest in the morning, evening, or early night.

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